The artificial intelligence continues to set the time in the technology industry and while its application in various areas excites its enthusiasts for its innumerable possibilities. However, the AI as GPT-3, GPT-4 and others have also dismayed people because it is quite likely that a large number of jobs will end up being automated and, consequently, the people in those jobs will be replaced by these systems.
According to economists at the firm. Goldman Sachs, via Business Insiderup to 300 million full-time jobs worldwide could be automated in some way by the new wave of AI that has given rise to platforms like ChatGPT from OpenAI. In a report released Sunday, economists predicted that 18% of the world’s work could be computerized, and that the effects would be felt more in advanced economies than in emerging markets.
A worrying future for millions because of AI
The report points out that white-collar workers such as administrative workers and lawyers would be the most affected by this new technological trend. On the other hand, manual workers are the least at risk because the artificial intelligences have “little effect” in physically demanding or outdoor occupations, such as construction and repair work.
The bank estimates that approximately two-thirds of today’s jobs “are exposed to some degree of automation by IA“ at United States y Europeand up to a quarter of all work could be done entirely by these systems. If generative artificial intelligence such as ChatGPT “delivers on promised capabilities, labor market could undergo significant disruption”economists point out.
The aforementioned chatbot can answer questions and compose texts, so it has already led many companies to rethink how people should work today. March, OpenAI -its developer- presented the latest version of the software behind the chatbot and christened it as GPT-4. The platform has quickly impressed early adopters with its ability to simplify coding, quickly create a website from a simple sketch, and pass exams with high marks.
Which jobs will be most affected by AI?
According to Goldman SachsThe increased use of this type of IA lead to job losses. But, economists also noted that technological innovation that initially displaces workers has also historically created long-term employment growth. Although workplaces may change, widespread adoption of the artificial intelligence could increase labor productivity and boost global GDP by 7% per year over a 10-year period.
“While it is likely that the impact of the IA in the labor market is significant, most jobs and industries are only partially exposed to automation and, therefore, AI is more likely to complement rather than replace them. Most workers are employed in occupations that are partially exposed to AI automation and, following its adoption, will likely apply at least some of their freed-up capacity toward productive activities that increase output.”said from Goldman Sachs.
“The combination of significant labor cost savings, new job creation, and increased productivity of non-dislocated workers raises the possibility of a labor productivity boom like those that followed the emergence of earlier general-purpose technologies, such as the electric motor and the personal computer.”the firm noted.
Earlier, a study by researchers at the Princeton University, the University of Pennsylvania y New York University revealed a list of professions exposed by the major language models on the basis of the intelligence artificial. Some of those included in this list were interpreters and translators, researchers, poets, lyricists and creative writers, zootechnicians, public relations specialists, survey researchers, writers and authors, mathematicians, tax preparers, quantitative financial analysts, web and digital interface designers, and others.
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