what is and how does this militia to which Teixeira, the ‘mole’ of the Pentagon Papers belonged, work?
Jack Teixeira was arrested this Thursday at his home for leaking dozens of confidential documents of the US intelligence services, the biggest breach of national security in at least ten years.. The 21-year-old shared in a chat room the official documents that have upset U.S. relations with its allies.
Described as a lonely young man and a lover of weapons, Teixeira was a member of the Massachusetts Air National Guard. This military corps is “the U.S. all-volunteer reserve force,” as the institution’s website reads.
What is the U.S. National Guard?
The United States National Guard form part of the U.S. first line of defense.. It becomes part of the reserve components of the U.S. Army and Air Forces when activated for federal missions. It was officially created under Article 1, Section 8, of Congress, which empowers Congress to “raise and maintain armies.”
It is a reserve military force composed of members or military units of the National Guard of. each state and of the territories of Guam, the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia.. It is thus structured into a total of 54 different organizations.
Why does Spain play a role in its origin?
The first gathering of militia forces in what is now the U.S. took place on Sept. 16, 1965, in 1565, in the city of St. Augustine, newly founded by the Spanish.. The militiamen were assigned to guard the expedition’s supplies while its leader, Pedro Menéndez de Avilésled regular troops north to attack the French settlement of Fort Caroline. This Spanish militia tradition and the English tradition that was established to the north provided the basic nucleus for colonial defense in the New World.
Thus, the December 13, 1636, the following were organized in Massachusetts. North America’s first militia regiments. The colony’s militia was organized into three permanent regiments: the 181st Infantry, the 182nd Infantry, the 101st Field Artillery, and the 101st Engineer Battalion. They all share the distinction of being the oldest units in the U.S. Army.
How many members do you have?
The Army and Air National Guard has. about 450,000 troops (the latest update indicates 443,543). All of its members are also members of the country’s organized militia, as defined in Title 10 of the U.S. Code, which describes the role of the armed forces and provides the legal basis for the functions, missions, and organization of each of the services.
How to join the National Guard.
To enlist in the National Guard you must have. between 18 and 35 years of ageand be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident. It is preferred that its members have a high school diploma and must pass the ASVAB exam (Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Examination.) and a physical fitness test.
All soldiers must complete a 10-week basic combat trainingin the same boot camp attended by full-time Army soldiers. National Guard members receive a fair wage for all the hours they spend in the National Guard. in training, maneuvers or mobilization. They are allowed to train close to home and, at the same time, maintain civilian careers or continue studying.
Who controls the National Guard?
National Guard units are. under the dual control of the state governments and the federal government. It is organized into units stationed in each of the 50 states, three territories, and the District of Columbia, and operates under the authority of its respective state or territorial governor, except in the case of Washington, D.C., where it operates under the authority of the President of the U.S.
Governors exercise control through state adjutants general. They can call the National Guard to active duty to help respond to national emergencies and disasters.such as hurricanes, floods and earthquakes.
When and how is it activated?
The National Guard can be activated in several ways. Generally speaking, under federal law, there are two titles in the U.S. Code under which units and troops can be activated: as federal soldiers or airmen under Title 10 (“Armed Forces”) and as state soldiers or airmen performing a federally funded mission under Title 32 (“National Guard”).
Outside of federal activation, Army and Air National Guard. may be activated under state law (SAD, state active duty). The term “activated” simply means that a reserve component unit or individual has received orders.
What has been your recent activity?
After the Operation Desert Storm in IraqThe National Guard began to have more frequent call-ups and was in the crises in Haiti, Bosnia, Kosovo and, again, in the skies over Iraq. The Guard also expanded its scope of operations with peacekeeping rotations in the Sinai and the Balkans.
Following the attacks of September 11, 2001, tens of thousands of Guard members were mobilized. “to provide security at home and combat terrorism abroad.”says the institution itself. Its units have participated in US operations in Iraq (2003-2011) and Afghanistan (2002-2022).
Military and civilian support work in the event of a natural disaster. The National Guard deployed more than 50,000 troops in support of the states affected by Hurricane Katrina in 2005. It was the largest response to a national disaster in its history.
After 9/11 it was mobilized “to provide security at home and combat terrorism abroad.”
More recently, the National Guard was activated in the summer of 2020 in nearly half of the states during the racial protests of the movement Black Lives Matter. More than 62,000 of its soldiers were deployed. It also acted after the assault on the Capitol on January 6, 2021. To prevent further disturbances, his soldiers guarded the building and slept inside it the night before the second impeachment of Donald Trump.